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Wednesday, 15-May-2013 13:28 Email | Share | | Bookmark
Experts Reveal Top Four Risk Factors of Type 2 Diabetes

Even at this point, the cause as to why type 2 diabetes develops in some people while others go through life without experiencing this ailment has baffled researchers. It has been known that this condition happens when the body becomes resistant to insulin or when insulin is not produced sufficiently by the pancreas, however, experts remained dearth in explanation as to why this occurs in a person’s system.

Although no exact cause of this disease which affects about 21 million Americans has been determined, it has become apparent that certain factors tend to increase the risk. Common risk factors for this disease include the following:

Overweight

It has been confirmed by numerous studies that being obese or overweight may increase the chances of a person acquiring different illnesses ranging from heart problems, joint problems and even pelvic disorders. Researchers also point out that the same is true for type 2 diabetes and they have noted that the increase in the incidence of this disease is proportionate to the increase in obesity in the country.

According to experts, when a person becomes overweight or obese, the cells in the body may become less sensitive to insulin, which is a very important hormone released by the pancreas. It has been shown in scientific studies that fat cells are more resistant than the muscle cells.

Inactive Life

Various health organizations and institutions have blamed inactivity or leading a sedentary life as a major factor for the many serious illnesses that plague a lot of people. One reason is the fact that a lack of physical activity or exercise may contribute to obesity or overweight. Engaging in exercises, hand in hand with proper diet, is the best way to lose those unwanted pounds as more calories are expended. It has also been shown that regular activity decreases blood sugar levels which make insulin more effective.

Hereditary Factors

Just like many other illnesses, type 2 diabetes also tends to run in families. The risk of other family members acquiring this disease is increased greatly if a parent or anyone in the family has this type of diabetes.

Increase in Age

Another risk factor associated with type 2 diabetes is ageing process. As people get older, especially when reaching the age of 45 years, they may become more prone to getting this disease. Records would show that as much as 20 percent of those in the 60’s are afflicted with type 2 diabetes. The tendency to exercise less, the loss of muscle mass, and the natural increase in weight are some of the reasons why ageing increases the risk of type 2 diabetes.

Without doubt, some of these risk factors are beyond one’s control, however, there are still a lot of things one may do the lower the risks of getting this disease. Right now, reducing weight and engaging in exercises are some things one can do.

References:

mayoclinic.com/health/type-2-diabetes/DS00585/DSECTION=treatments-and-drugs
diabetes.about.com/od/whatisdiabetes/qt/type2diabetes.htm


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